Author: Boogert, S.T.
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Seamless Beam and Radiation Transport Simulations of IBA Proteus Systems Using BDSIM  
  • R. Tesse, A. Dubus, E. Gnacadja, C. Hernalsteens, N. Pauly
    ULB - FSA - SMN, Bruxelles, Belgium
  • S.T. Boogert, L.J. Nevay, W. Shields
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • C. Hernalsteens
    IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
  The precise modeling of proton therapy systems is challenging and requires simulation tools that have capabilities in both beam transport and in the detailed description of particle-matter interactions. Current separate simulations such as those of optical codes or Monte-Carlo transport through discrete elements show their limitations due to the very strict requirements on beam quality at the isocenter. This is particularly relevant with the development of compact systems where the coupling between the components is dominant. For such systems the design of the concrete shielding, which has a large impact on the total cost of the system, is of primary importance. Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM) allows the seamless simulation of the transport of particles in a beamline and its surrounding environment. A complete 3D model is built using Geant4, CLHEP and ROOT to provide an extensive insight into beam loss, its interaction and subsequent radiation. This capability is applied to the IBA eye treatment proton therapy machine and to the IBA Proteus One compact system. We discuss the validation of both models against experimental data. In particular, we use it to predict lateral profiles and energy spectra using a detailed geometry of the eye-treatment beam forming nozzle. For the Proteus One system, we present results on the activation of the concrete shielding of the system estimated for a period of 20 years of operation obtained for the first time using end-to-end simulations of the transport of protons in the beamline and their interactions with the environment.  
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TUPAF15 A Holistic Approach to Simulating Beam Losses in the Large Hadron Collider Using BDSIM 221
  • S.D. Walker, A. Abramov, S.T. Boogert, H. Garcia Morales, S.M. Gibson, L.J. Nevay, H. Pikhartova, W. Shields
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  To fully understand the beam losses, subsequent radiation, energy deposition, backgrounds and activation in particle accelerators, a holistic approach combining a 3-D model, physics processes and accelerator tracking is required. Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM) is a program developed to simulate the passage of particles, both primary and secondary, in particle accelerators and calculate the energy deposited by these particles via material interactions using the Geant4 physics library. A Geant4 accelerator model is built from an existing optical description of a lattice by procedurally placing a set of predefined accelerator components. These generic components can be refined to an arbitrary degree of detail with the use of user-defined geometries, detectors, field maps, and more. A detailed model of the Large Hadron Collider has been created in BDSIM, validated with existing tracking codes and applied to study beam loss patterns.  
slides icon Slides TUPAF15 [2.065 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • paper received ※ 31 October 2018       paper accepted ※ 08 December 2018       issue date ※ 26 January 2019  
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