Paper  Title  Page 

WEPLG02 
REPTIL  A Relativistic 3D Space Charge Particle Tracking Code Based on the Fast Multipole Method  


Funding: This work is supported by the DFG in the framework of GRK 2128. Modern free electron lasers and high current energy recovery linacs accelerate electron beams with particle bunch charges reaching up to several nanocoulombs. Especially in the low energy sections, such as the photoinjector of the accelerator, space charge interaction forces are the dominating effect influencing the dynamics of the electron beam. A direct computation of space charge forces is numerically very expensive. Commonly used simulation codes typically apply mesh based particleincell methods (PIC) to solve this problem. Our simulation tool, REPTIL, is a relativistic, threedimensional space charge tracking code, which computes the interaction forces based on a meshless fast multipole method (FMM). The FMM based space charge solver is more flexible regarding the choice of the interaction model and yields maximum accuracy for the near field forces between particles. For this reason, the FMM is very suitable for the simulation of the influence of space charge on the particle emission process in high current photoinjectors. In this contribution, we present a numerical study of the efficiency and the accuracy of the method. Therefore, we perform a case study for the PITZ photoinjector used for the European XFEL at DESY. Furthermore, we compare the performance of REPTIL with commonly used PIC codes like e.g. ASTRA. Finally, we investigate a hybrid approach by using the FMM on a mesh. The latter method makes further increases in the particle number possible, which translates to a higher resolution in the phase space of the electron bunch. 

Slides WEPLG02 [2.443 MB]  
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