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RIS citation export for SUPAG09: Beam Dynamics Simulations of Medical Cyclotrons and Beam Transfer Lines at IBA

AU  - van de Walle, J.
AU  - Forton, E.
AU  - Kleeven, W.J.G.M.
AU  - Mandrillon, J.
AU  - Nuttens, V.
AU  - Van Der Kraaij, E.
ED  - Schaa, Volker RW
ED  - Makino, Kyoko
ED  - Snopok, Pavel
ED  - Berz, Martin
TI  - Beam Dynamics Simulations of Medical Cyclotrons and Beam Transfer Lines at IBA
J2  - Proc. of ICAP2018, Key West, FL, USA, 20-24 October 2018
CY  - Key West, FL, USA
T2  - International Computational Accelerator Physics Conference
T3  - 13
LA  - english
AB  - The company Ion Beam Applications (IBA), based in Belgium, is specialized in the design and fabrication of cyclotrons for medical applications since more than 30 years. Two main classes of cyclotrons can be distinguished : cyclotrons for radiopharma production (3 MeV up to 70 MeV proton beams) and cyclotrons used in proton therapy (230 MeV proton beam). In this contribution, the developments of computational tools to simulate beam dynamics in the variety of cyclotrons and associated beam lines will be described. The main code for simulating the cyclotron beam dynamics is the ’Advanced Orbit Code’ (AOC) [1]. Examples will be shown of beam dynamics studies in the newly designed Cyclone KIUBE (18 MeV proton cyclotron for PET isotope production), the Cyclone230 and the superconducting synchro-cyclotron (S2C2), both 230 MeV proton cyclotrons for proton therapy. Calculated beam emittances, resonance crossings and beam losses will be shown and their impact on the performance of the machine will be highlighted. A strong emphasis will be put on the beam properties from the S2C2 (proton therapy cyclotron), since unexpected extracted proton beam was discovered and explained by detailed simulations [2] and the beam properties serve as input to subsequent beam line simulation tools. Several tools have been developed to simulate and design transfer lines coupled to the cyclotrons. In radiopharma applications beam losses along the beamline and the beam size on the production target are crucial, since beam intensities are high and radiation damage can be considerable. In proton therapy, beam intensities are very low but the constraints on the beam position, drift (in position, energy and intensity) and size at the patient level are very tight. In both cases a strong predictive power of the calculated beam properties in the transfer lines is needed. The compact proton gantry (CGTR) coupled with the S2C2 in the ProteusONE proton therapy system will be shown in detail. The CGTR is a s
PB  - JACoW Publishing
CP  - Geneva, Switzerland
SP  - 104
EP  - 109
KW  - proton
KW  - cyclotron
KW  - extraction
KW  - closed-orbit
KW  - electron
DA  - 2019/01
PY  - 2019
SN  - 978-3-95450-200-4
DO  - DOI: 10.18429/JACoW-ICAP2018-SUPAG09
UR  - http://jacow.org/icap2018/papers/supag09.pdf
ER  -