Author: Brouwer, L.N.
Paper Title Page
Design and Simulation of High Momentum Acceptance Gantries for Ion Beam Therapy  
  • A.M. Huggins
    HHU, Duesseldorf, Germany
  • L.N. Brouwer
    LBNL, Berkeley, USA
  • W. Wan
    ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  One challenge of proton beam therapy is the shear size of its equipment. A proton gantry that rotates a beamline about a patient is typically about 10 meters in diameter, heavy and expensive. One approach to reduce size and cost of gantries is their miniaturization by the application of superconducting (SC) magnets in the beamline. SC magnets, however, have difficulties to quickly adapt their field when the beam energy is changed. Achromatic beamline designs with high momentum acceptance based on superconducting magnets can lead to compact gantries that still allow rapid beam application which is an important clinical requirement. In a collaborative effort LBNL, Varian Medical Systems and PSI have developed the Alternating Gradient Canted-Cosine-Theta (AG-CCT), a curved version of the CCT design that includes alternating quadrupole and sextupole components to build an achromat. The AG-CCT reaches a momentum acceptance of approx. 20 % dp/p while preserving beam profiles within clinical specification. Another design, conceived by LBNL and Varian, achieves momentum acceptance over the entire clinical beam energy range (70-225 MeV), called the fixed-field achromat. The beam optics principles of the two achromats and an optimized associated gantry beamline design is the main focus of the presented work, as well as putting these in context of clinical requirements and economic constraints.  
slides icon Slides SUPAF01 [2.886 MB]  
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