Author: Zhang, H.
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Fast Multipole Methods for Multiparticle Simulations  
  • H. Zhang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177. The U.S. Government retains a license to publish or reproduce this manuscript for U.S. Government purposes.
The fast multipole method (FMM) reduces the computation cost of the pairwise non-oscillating interaction between N particles from O(N2) to O(N). In the FMM, the contribution from a source particle is represented as a multipole expansion, while the contributions from multiple faraway sources can be combined into a local expansion around an objective particle. Without the dependence on a grid covering the whole domain under study, the FMM treats any charge distribution and geometry in a natural way. It avoids artificial smoothing due to the grid size and redundant computation on the free space grids. We will introduce the concept of the FMM using the Coulomb interaction as an example and then explain how the FMM can be extended to arbitrary non-oscillating interactions. Examples and discussions on how the FMM can be used in scientific simulations, especially in accelerator physics will also be provided.
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Magnetized Electron Cooling Simulations for JLEIC  
  • I.V. Pogorelov, D.T. Abell, D.L. Bruhwiler, J.A. Carlsson, Y.I. Eidelman, C.C. Hall, S.D. Webb
    RadiaSoft LLC, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • J. Gerity, P.M. McIntyre
    Texas A&M University, College Station, USA
  • H. Zhang, Y. Zhang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. DOE Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics, under Award Number DE-SC0015212.
Relativistic magnetized electron cooling in untested parameter regimes is essential to achieve the ion luminosity requirements of proposed electron-ion collider (EIC) designs. Therefore, accurate calculations of magnetized dynamic friction are required, with the ability to include all relevant physics that might increase the cooling time, including space charge forces, field errors and complicated phase space distributions of imperfectly magnetized electron beams. We present simulations relevant to the JLEIC design, using the BETACOOL and JSPEC codes. We also present recent work on Warp simulations of the electron beam through the solenoid field. Space charge neutralization is provided by impact ionization of a background hydrogen gas. For optimal cooling it is essential that space charge be sufficiently neutralized. We also present recent work on a new analytic treatment of momentum transfer from a single magnetized electron to a drifting ion, and its use for calculations of dynamic friction.
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