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SUPAG09 Beam Dynamics Simulations of Medical Cyclotrons and Beam Transfer Lines at IBA proton, cyclotron, closed-orbit, electron 104
  • J. van de Walle, E. Forton, W.J.G.M. Kleeven, J. Mandrillon, V. Nuttens, E. Van Der Kraaij
    IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
  The company Ion Beam Applications (IBA), based in Belgium, is specialized in the design and fabrication of cyclotrons for medical applications since more than 30 years. Two main classes of cyclotrons can be distinguished : cyclotrons for radiopharma production (3 MeV up to 70 MeV proton beams) and cyclotrons used in proton therapy (230 MeV proton beam). In this contribution, the developments of computational tools to simulate beam dynamics in the variety of cyclotrons and associated beam lines will be described. The main code for simulating the cyclotron beam dynamics is the ’Advanced Orbit Code’ (AOC) [1]. Examples will be shown of beam dynamics studies in the newly designed Cyclone KIUBE (18 MeV proton cyclotron for PET isotope production), the Cyclone230 and the superconducting synchro-cyclotron (S2C2), both 230 MeV proton cyclotrons for proton therapy. Calculated beam emittances, resonance crossings and beam losses will be shown and their impact on the performance of the machine will be highlighted. A strong emphasis will be put on the beam properties from the S2C2 (proton therapy cyclotron), since unexpected extracted proton beam was discovered and explained by detailed simulations [2] and the beam properties serve as input to subsequent beam line simulation tools. Several tools have been developed to simulate and design transfer lines coupled to the cyclotrons. In radiopharma applications beam losses along the beamline and the beam size on the production target are crucial, since beam intensities are high and radiation damage can be considerable. In proton therapy, beam intensities are very low but the constraints on the beam position, drift (in position, energy and intensity) and size at the patient level are very tight. In both cases a strong predictive power of the calculated beam properties in the transfer lines is needed. The compact proton gantry (CGTR) coupled with the S2C2 in the ProteusONE proton therapy system will be shown in detail. The CGTR is a s
[1] W. Kleeven et al., IPAC 2016 proceedings, TUPOY002
[2] J. Van de Walle et al., Cyclotrons2016 proceedings, THB01
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About • paper received ※ 19 October 2018       paper accepted ※ 04 December 2018       issue date ※ 26 January 2019  
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TUPAF13 Calculation of the AGS Optics Based on 3D Fields Derived From Experimentally Measured Fields on Median Plane closed-orbit, kicker, focusing, optics 209
  • N. Tsoupas, J.S. Berg, S.J. Brooks, F. Méot, V. Ptitsyn, D. Trbojevic
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the US Department of Energy
Closed orbit calculations of the AGS synchrotron were performed and the beam parameters at the extraction point of the AGS [1] were calculated using the RAYTRACE computer code [2] which was modified to generate 3D fields from the experimentally measured field maps on the median plane of the AGS combined function magnets. The algorithm which generates 3D fields from field maps on a plane is described in reference [3] which discusses the details of the mathematical foundation of this approach. In this presentation we will discuss results from studies [1,4] that are based on the 3D fields generated from the known field components on a rectangular grid of a plane. A brief overview of the algorithm used will be given, and two methods of calculating the required field derivatives on the plane will be presented. The calculated 3D fields of a modified Halbach magnet [5] of inner radius of 4.4 cm will be calculated using the two different methods of calculating the field derivatives on the plane and the calculated fields will be compared against the ’ideal’ fields as calculated by the OPERA computer code [6]. [1] N. Tsoupas et. al. ’Closed orbit calculations at AGS and Extraction Beam Parameters at H13 AD/RHIC/RD-75 Oct. 1994 [2] S.B. Kowalski and H.A. Enge ’The Ion-Optical Program Raytrace’ NIM A258 (1987) 407 [3] K. Makino, M. Berz, C. Johnstone, Int. Journal of Modern Physics A 26 (2011) 1807-1821 [4] N. Tsoupas et. al. ’Effects of Dipole Magnet Inhomogeneity on the Beam Ellipsoid’ NIM A258 (1987) 421-425 [5] ’The CBETA project: > physics > arXiv:1706.04245’’ [6] Vector Fields Inc.
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DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • paper received ※ 20 October 2018       paper accepted ※ 07 December 2018       issue date ※ 26 January 2019  
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